The moment we get diagnosed with diabetes, we get scared that we may not able to eat our favourite food. This is farthest from the truth. We can enjoy all that we love to eat, but the portion size needs to be checked.
The key is to eat the variety of food from all the food groups.
Symptoms of diabetes-
Polydipsia: A state of unusually excessive thirst and a constant feeling of dryness in the mouth and throat.
Polyphagia: It is the medical term used to describe excessive hunger or increased appetite that is beyond response to strenuous physical activity.
Polyuria: A condition where the body urinates more than 3 litres a day, as compared to the normal one to two litres in adults.
However, the above symptoms are not always possible to detect, especially in Type 2 diabetes where symptoms appear gradually over a period of years. The other symptoms to take note of are:
• Blurred vision
• Slow healing of wounds
• Unexplained weight loss
• Fatigue or extreme tiredness
• Genital itchiness
There are two stages where if detected, diabetes can be brought to control more easily
It means that the cells in your body are becoming resistant to insulin or your pancreas is not producing as much insulin as required. Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be called diabetes. It is a warning of a future development of diabetes but is also your chance of preventing the development of Type 2 diabetes through proper diet and exercise.
A form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, has the same symptoms as for other forms of diabetes. Sometimes the symptoms may not be noticeable, which is why women are tested for gestational diabetes between weeks 24 and 28 of their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes develops in about 3 to 5% of all pregnancies. It usually appears during the second trimester and disappears after the birth of the baby. If not controlled, complications can affect both the mother and the baby. GD also increases the risk of developing it again during future pregnancies and that of Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Preventive measures against diabetes:
• Get enough physical exercise in a day,
• Get quality rest.
• Keep stress out of your life.
• Have meals on time.
Reduce the intake of refined carbs like refined flour, white sugar, etc. and include more complex carbs like fruits, vegetables, legumes (beans, peas and lentils), low-fat dairy products and whole grains in your diet that take longer to digest.
Fibre moderates how your body digests and helps control blood sugar levels. Foods high in fibre include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (beans, peas and lentils), whole-wheat flour and wheat bran.
Drink Plenty of water to avoid frequent Urinary tract infection which is commonly associated with Diabetes type-2.
However, once diagnosed with diabetes, professional scrutiny should be sought immediately to keep a check on further development.
Founder of Food ‘n’ Wellness, a food, and nutrition advisory company based out of Singapore. Meenu is a trained clinical dietitian & holds a Masters degree in Nutrition & Dietetics. She is registered with the Singapore Nutrition and Dietetic Association( SNDA). She specializes in providing nutrition advice with an emphasis on managing medical conditions like diabetes, cholesterol, acidity, thyroid, blood pressure and weight-related issues.